California Budget ChallengeAbout Next 10Budget Overview

Budget Basics

Budget Facts

  • The state's total proposed budget for 2018-19 is $296.2 billion, 44.5% of which is state General Fund, 35.7% are federal funds, 19% are state special funds, and 0.8% are state bond funds
  • Total K-12 education funding for 2018-19 from all sources is projected to be $95.6 billion
  • More than 1/4 of state spending (26.5%) goes to 23 CSU campuses, 10 UC campuses, 34 state prisons, and other recipients of "state operations" dollars
  • 71.9% of the state budget goes to "local assistance" programs that include schools, community colleges, CalWORKS families, Medi-Cal doctors, child care providers, and others
  • More than 60 percent of K-12 education funding is spent on direct instruction and the next largest category, instructional support, accounts for 11.9%
  • Income taxes account for 68.5% of the state's General Fund revenue, an increase from just over 40% in 2010 due to the passage of Prop 30 in 2012 that raised income tax rates for the highest earners
  • In 2018-19, 7.7% of General Fund and special fund revenue supports corrections
  • The budget must be balanced - estimated revenues must meet or exceed the Governor's proposed spending
  • Any change in state statute which results in any taxpayer paying a higher tax requires a 2/3 vote of each house of the state legislature

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